Anyhow, a certain set of our Awful Ancestors had what we call "Jim Crow" laws, which all the brilliant intellectuals of today, from Jon Stewart to Barbra Streisand, denounce as horribly barbaric. But DailyKenn has a different view of that. A guest post from him:
Who was Jim Crow?
Jim Crow laws existed to protect white people from black crime and violence.
Jim Crow was a fictional black character created by Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice, a popular and successful nineteenth century actor and minstrel.
Cover of music score for
"Jim Crow Jubilee",
portrayed blacks as talented
and jovial, hiding the "crime
and wretchedness" that
prevailed in black
Rice, a white actor, portrayed Jim Crow in black face. He introduced the routine in 1828, traveling to major cities throughout the United States as well as Dublin and London. The phrase 'Jump Jim Crow' meant to imitate a black person. Black face became an art form in its own right until the 1960s whenrevisionists determined it to be racist. White actors appearing in black face were not considered disrespectful or derogatory before then.
Rather, black face actors often characterized blacks as fun-loving and talented, obscuring the crime and violence that prevailed in black communities.
The editor of the Valley Spirit, Franklin County, Virginia lamented in 1859 that whites were not familiar with the depravity of black culture and supposed whites needed to be forced to encounter black neighborhoods. "Come, reader, let me take you by the collar and drag you into this abode of crime and wretchedness of destitute and degraded humanity," he wrote. "We know you will not come willing, so come nolens volens. Observe their actions and listen to their conversation. What disgusting obscenity! What horrid implications! Their licentious and blasphemous orgies would put to the blush the imps of pandemonium."
Nonetheless, Rice's routine became so popular that the term Jim Crow became synonymous with 'black.' Jim Crow laws, then, could be understood to mean 'black laws.'
Black face was not considered
disrespectful or derogatory.
• Protecting whites from black crime and violence
Ironically, Jim Crow laws were enacted to protect white people from black crime and violence through mandated racial segregation. They first appeared in 1881 and became dominant throughout the states that once comprised the Confederacy. The first Jim Crow law is frequently considered to have been enacted by the Tennessee legislature when it required railroads to provide passenger cars for exclusive use by blacks.
The actual term 'Jim Crow Laws' first appeared in 1904 according to the American Dictionary of American English.
• Separate but equal
Contemporary historical revisionists portray Jim Crow laws as racist and, to some degree, they were. The laws allowed white business owners to refuse service to law-abiding blacks and visa versa. Whites were discouraged from using facilities designated for black-use only.
Jim Crow laws still exist where black juveniles present a threat to law and order and safety. While shopping malls may no longer ban blacks from entering their property, they often ban groups of teenagers without proper adult supervision on their properties. Old Jim Crow laws dealt with black crime by banning all blacks; current Jim Crow laws deal with black crime by banning all teenagers.
Not all black crime is committed by juveniles, however.
• Walk by stabbing
On Thursday, May 17, 2012, a black male casually walked through a Dallas area Target store and plunged a kitchen knife into the back of 29-year-old lawyer.
Arrested was a black male, 30-year-old Antowann Davis.
The victim, Martha Jones, said from her hospital bed that “He stabbed me in the back and kept walking.”
Had Jim Crow provisions been lawful and enforced, Davis would not have been permitted in the store and the crime would not have happened.
Discussions of Jim Crow laws frequently focus on segregated public transportation.
• Kick Rosa off the bus
Rosa Parks never complained of
that forced segregated buses.
Rosa Parks should have been given a seat on the bus; not because she is black, but because she is a woman.
On the other hand, Rosa should have been booted off the bus and refused permission to board any public transport for the rest of her life; not because she is black, but because her silence effectively endorsed black-on-white violence on public transportation.
Segregated buses existed -- not because whites held unwarranted animosity towards people with dark skin tone and kinky hair -- but because white passengers are routinely assaulted by blacks.
Authorities in the Jim Crow era were left with four options:
1. They could ban blacks from boarding city buses.
2. They could offer two buses, one for blacks and another for everyone else.
3. They could enforce assigned seating areas for blacks.
4. They could integrate the buses and allow whites to be assaulted.
Parks was uniquely positioned to demand the end of black-on-white violence on city buses. Her voice would have been heard. Proper protection could have been instigated. Today, few white people use public transport due to the danger posed by violent black thugs.
Rosa said nothing. She obviously didn't care if white passengers were beaten by blacks. Her silence was an endorsement; an encouragement. She was an enabler of black-on-white violence through her silence. She should have been kicked off the bus and banned forever.
On Thursday of last week nineteen black thugs forced open the door of a Baltimore bus to viciously assault a teenage pedestrian in broad daylight. Would you want to ride a bus with those thugs?
YouTube is chuck full of videos depicting blacks attacking whites on public transportation. I know of no instances in which white passengers assaulted blacks without provocation.
Jim Crow laws were too tolerant of Rosa Parks and other blacks who steadfastly refused to acknowledge the reality of black-on-white violence on public transportation. Such enablers should not be allowed to share the ride.
In 2010 a pregnant white teenager was attacked by four black females while attempted to exit a city bus.
Neither Rosa Parks nor other
black passengers suffered
violent attacks as are common for
whites, such as Sarah Kreager
who ride public transportation.
In 2011 a young white student was attacked by a mob of black students aboard a school bus. After the video went viral, the school board refused to release recordings of other black-on-white attacks to police, indicating that such violence is common in the St. Louis area.
In January, 2012 a white 13-year-old girl was beatenunconscious on a school bus by seven black female students. In the aftermath of the assault, the mother of one of the assailants claimed the lone white girl had uttered racist remarks. The attack was video recorded.
Atlanta's MARTA public transit system is known for it racial violence. In April, 2011 two white Delta employees were viciously beaten by a mob of young black thugs who terrorized other passengers. When the train arrived at the West End stop, the operator did not open the doors to allow the passengers to escape the violence.
The beating of a white woman by a group of black teens on Baltimore bus in 2007 was initially treated as a hate crime. "Sarah Kreager, 26, suffered broken facial bones and other injuries after she was punched, kicked and dragged off the bus Tuesday afternoon."
A security camera captured the
image of a black male (right) who
beat a disabled white woman (left)
to a bloody mass as
black passengers laughed.
Black-on-white bus violence isn't unique to America.
In late 2010 a black male beat a disabled mother unconscious, slamming her head repeatedly on the bus floor as her terrified three-year-old daughter watched in horror. None of the passengers on the crowded bus offered to help or even call the police. Instead, some of the black passengers laughed as the woman face was beaten to a bloody mass.
Such brutal black-on-white attacks are common on public transportation. To my knowledge there are no instances of similar white-on-black assaults other than fictional accounts presented by Hollywood.